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WOCCU Applauds G20 Finance Track Focus on Financial Inclusion

The Italian G20 Presidency at the Fourth G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meeting (Finance Track) issued its Communique addressing Financial Inclusion (among other topics). 

WOCCU, together with its member credit union associations have placed efforts toward asking the G20 to give direction to national-level regulators to increase financial inclusion vis-à-vis a focus on the importance of proportionality.  The importance of this is that it allows smaller cooperative depository institutions such as credit unions to fulfill their mission and greatly reduce inequalities and promote inclusive growth.  More importantly, proportionality, if applied appropriately, can significantly advance the G20’s goals of promoting financial inclusion by fostering responsible finance through increased access to responsible and affordable financial services offered by credit unions.

WOCCU applauds the G20 focus on financial inclusion and is pleased to see that the Communique issued by the Finance track includes the following passage:

We reaffirm our commitment to enhancing digital financial inclusion of vulnerable and underserved segments of society, including micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs), carrying forward the work of the Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion (GPFI) and implementing the G20 2020 Financial Inclusion Action Plan. We therefore endorse the G20 Menu of Policy Options for digital financial literacy and financial consumer and MSME protection “Enhancing digital financial inclusion beyond the COVID-19 crisis”, with the aim to provide a guide for policymakers in their efforts to lay the ground for new financial inclusion strategies in the postpandemic world. We look forward to the review of the G20/OECD High-Level Principles for Financial Consumer Protection in 2022. 

WOCCU will continue to work on this guide for policymakers noting the importance of providing for proportionality that will allow credit unions to maximize its ability to fulfill its mission of serving marginalized, underserved, and financially excluded populations.

A copy of the Communique can be viewed here and a copy of the G20 Menu of Policy Options included in the “Enhancing digital financial inclusion beyond the COVID-19 crisis” can be viewed here.

A recent webinar by WOCCU on Credit Unions and the G20: The Push for Financial Inclusion outlining its efforts with the G20 can be viewed here.

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G20

G20 Finance Track Promotes Aggressive Regulatory Agenda Affecting Credit Unions

The Italian G20 Presidency at the Fourth G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meeting (Finance Track) issued its Communique addressing numerous issues that may impact credit unions in the future.  Key passages from the Communique are as follows:  

  1. Financial Inclusion: We reaffirm our commitment to enhancing digital financial inclusion of vulnerable and underserved segments of society, including micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs), carrying forward the work of the Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion (GPFI) and implementing the G20 2020 Financial Inclusion Action Plan. We therefore endorse the G20 Menu of Policy Options for digital financial literacy and financial consumer and MSME protection “Enhancing digital financial inclusion beyond the COVID-19 crisis”, with the aim to provide a guide for policymakers in their efforts to lay the ground for new financial inclusion strategies in the postpandemic world. We look forward to the review of the G20/OECD High-Level Principles for Financial Consumer Protection in 2022.  
  1. Payments: We reiterate our commitment to a timely and effective implementation of the G20 Roadmap to enhance cross-border payments. We welcome the progress reported against milestones set for 2021, and we endorse the ambitious but achievable quantitative global targets for addressing the challenges of cost, speed, transparency and access by 2027 set out in the FSB report. 
  1. Sustainable Finance: Three seperate passages are as follows:  1. We agree to coordinate our efforts to tackle global challenges such as climate change and environmental protection, and to promote transitions towards greener, more prosperous and inclusive economies and societies. Sustainable finance is crucial for promoting orderly and just transitions towards greener and more sustainable economies and inclusive societies, in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement;  2. We endorse the G20 Sustainable Finance Roadmap and the Synthesis Report prepared by the Sustainable Finance Working Group (SFWG); and 3. It is complemented by the Financial Stability Board (FSB) Roadmap for addressing climate-related financial risks, and is designed to accommodate the evolving sustainable finance landscape and the G20 priorities going forward, taking into account national circumstances. 
  1. Taxation: After the historic agreement reached in July on the key components of the two pillars on the reallocation of profits of multinational enterprises and an effective global minimum tax, we endorse the final political agreement as set out in the Statement on a two-pillar solution to address the tax challenges arising from the digitalisation of the economy and in the Detailed Implementation Plan, released by the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS). This agreement will establish a more stable and fairer international tax system. We call on the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on BEPS to swiftly develop the model rules and multilateral instruments as indicated in and according to the timetable provided in the Detailed Implementation Plan, with a view to ensure that the new rules will come into effect at global level in 2023. 
  1. Digitization: We will continue to explore and address the implications of major economic, social, environmental, technological and demographic challenges including through our recovery strategies. Drawing on the G20 Menu of Policy Options - Digital Transformation and Productivity Recovery, we will continue discussing policies to sustain productivity growth, and to help ensure that the benefits are evenly shared within and across countries and sectors. 
  1. Covid-19: We reaffirm our resolve to use all available tools for as long as required to address the adverse consequences of COVID-19, in particular on those most impacted, such as women, youth and informal and low-skilled workers, and on inequalities. We will continue to sustain the recovery, avoiding any premature withdrawal of support measures, while preserving financial stability and long-term fiscal sustainability, and safeguarding against downside risks and negative spillovers. 
  1. AML//CFT: We reaffirm our full support for the FATF and recognise that effective implementation of AntiMoney Laundering/Countering the Financing of Terrorism and Proliferation (AML/CFT/CPF) measures is essential for building confidence in financial markets, ensuring a sustainable recovery and protecting the integrity of the international financial system. We stress the relevance of risk-based approach in the FATF recommendations with the aim to ensure legitimate cross-border payments and to promote financial inclusion. We confirm our support for strengthening of the FATF recommendations to improve beneficial ownership transparency and call on countries to fight money laundering from environmental crime, particularly by acting on findings of the FATF report. 

The complete Communique from the G20 Finance Track can be viewed here.

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G20

Financial Stability Board Issues Letter to G20 Ahead of October 13 Meeting

Ahead of their October 13, 2021, meeting, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) Chair, Randall K. Quarles, issued a letter to the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in relation to the two reports the FSB has already provided to the G20 regarding the development of a more resilient NBFI sector, and addressing challenges in cross-border payments.

The FSB committed to a multi-year plan to enhance NBFI resilience after market turmoil in March 2020, to focus on, in collaboration with the International Organization of Securities Commission (IOSCO), vulnerabilities in money market funds (MMFs). The FSB also provided the G20 with a final report entitled “Policy Proposals Aimed to Enhance Money Market Fund Resilience”.

Further, as a follow up to the roadmap they previously submitted to the G20 on enhancing cross-border payments, the FSB plans to submit:

More information on the FSB’s letter to the G20 can be found here.

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Financial Stability Board, G20

FSB and IMF Publish Requested Report on G20 Data Gaps Initiative

As a follow up to the Financial Stability Board (FSB) and International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) report entitled, The Financial Crisis and Information Gaps (2009), that discussed information gaps and strengthening data collection, the entities published the Sixth Progress Report - Countdown to December 2021. The first report was phase one of the G20 Data Gaps Initiative (DG-1) where G20 Ministers and Governors requested the FSB and IMF examine information gaps and generate proposals to strengthen data collection processes. The Sixth Progress Report and phase two (DG-2) sets out to “to implement the regular collection and dissemination of reliable and timely statistics for policy use”, as well as provide new recommendations that outline policymaker priorities, including: (i) climate change; (ii) household distributional information; (iii) fintech and financial inclusion data; and (iv) access to private sources of data and administrative data, and data sharing.

The report consists of 20 different recommendations falling under the following headings:

  • Monitoring risk in the financial sector;
  • vulnerabilities, interconnections and spillovers; and
  • data sharing and communication of official statistics. 

More information and highlights of the Sixth Progress Report - Countdown to December 2021 can be found here.

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Financial Stability Board, G20

Financial Stability Board Establishes Financial Stability Surveillance Framework

The Financial Stability Board ( FSB), released their report, “FSB Financial Stability Surveillance Framework” to review vulnerabilities including global, cross-border, and cross-sectoral perspectives, and identify and address current and emerging risks to financial stability.

The framework includes four key principles:

  • “Focus on vulnerabilities that may have implications for global financial stability;
  • scan vulnerabilities systematically and with a forward-looking perspective, while preserving flexibility;
  • recognize differences among countries; and
  • leverage the comparative advantages of the FSB while avoiding duplication of work.”
                                                                        












More information on the FSB Financial Stability Surveillance Framework is available here.

 

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Financial Stability Board

BIS Reports on How COVID-19 Policy Measures Supported Lending

The Bank of International Settlements recently released a report entitled "Covid-19 Policy Measures to Support Bank Lending to review policies designed to support lending.   The report noted that in the wake of the Covid-19 fallout, policymakers enacted a wide range of measures to support the flow of credit. Some measures strengthened banks' lending capacity by preserving their capital and encouraging flexibility in loss accounting. Others, such as state-backed loan guarantees or funding for lending programmes, incentivized banks to use their available capacity.  It found that both types of measures contributed to lending growth.  In particular, the report contained the following key takeaways:

  • Since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, policy measures have supported lending by enhancing banks' balance sheet capacity and creating incentives for banks to use this capacity.
  • Strong balance sheets allowed banks to accommodate credit line drawdowns at the start of the pandemic, while subsequent policy measures supported further lending.
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises, particularly those in sectors hard hit by the pandemic, expanded their borrowing by more in countries with more generous guarantee programmes.
A copy of the report can be viewed here.
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Bank of International Settlements

WOCCU Supports Early Intervention to Maintain Cooperative Structure During Resolution

The World Council of Credit Unions (World Council) urged the International Association of Deposit Insurers (IADI) to ensure that supervisory authorities prioritize early intervention when resolving cooperatives.  The comments came as part of a consultation by the IADI on in consultation on its Guidance Paper on "Ways to resolve a financial cooperative while keeping the cooperative structure".

World Council supported the findings of the paper to the extent that it identified that in most cases, financial problems at a cooperative depository institution can be addressed at an early stage through prompt corrective action measures including capital building plans through increased earnings retention and/or issuance of capital shares and use of "Net Worth Restoration Plans".  These methods allow a supervisor to prioritize maintaining the assets in a cooperative when resolution is necessary. 

World Council emphasized that the use of these early intervention measures such as Net Worth Restoration Plans, “spinning down” by reducing assets, and supervisory contracts will help promote safety and soundness by helping prudential supervisors correct material weaknesses at financial cooperatives prior to the point of non-viability.

Finally, World Council urged emphasis on the concept that “Demutualization” should only be considered in the rare situation where there are no other financial cooperatives in the jurisdiction that can absorb the problem institution even with supervisory financial assistance or state aid.

A copy of the letter can be viewed here.

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IADI

Basel Committee Focused on Cyber Resilience, Climate and Digitalisation

In separate releases today the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision called for the following:

  • Increased efforts to improve resilience to cyber threats
  • Called for the development of a common set of global sustainability standards as they related to climate-related financial risks; and
  • Discussed the impact of digitalization of finance on the banking system.

To that end, the Basel Committee today published a newsletter calling on banks to improve their resilience to cyber threats noting the widespread adoption of measures to strengthen banks cyber security.

The Committee also noted efforts on climate-related financial risks resulting from the publication of a series of analytical reports on climate-related financial risks in April, it is assessing the extent to which the current Basel framework adequately mitigates such risks.  It is expected that a set of related supervisory practices will be published for consultation later this year and may include additional disclosure, supervisory and/or regulatory measures.

Finally, the Committee is looking at the impact of the ongoing digitalization and disintermediation of finance on the banking system, with an initial focus on retail banks.   It is continuing to assess the supervisory challenges and risks in the competitive landscape for the provision of retail banking, including non-bank financial and technological institutions.

A copy of the press release can be viewed here.

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Basel

Basel III Not Viewed as a "Burden" by Basel Committee

"I don't see Basel III as a burden - I see a compelling case to get it done" said Carolyn Rogers, Secretary General of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in the ECB Supervision Newsletter.  This quote came as a part of her comments responding to the question of whether the implementation of Basel III reforms in the aftermath of the pandemic was creating an extra burden on banks (and financial institutions). 

Rogers noted that a healthy, well-capitalised banking system can support an economy, even under severe stress. This is in contrast to what was learned during the great financial crisis, which was that weak banks not only create a financial crisis but they can also amplify the effects of that crisis on the real economy. 

WOCCU's concern with the statement, however, continues to be the indifference by the Basel Committee to smaller, less complex, community based financial institutions such as credit unions where clearly the Basel III reforms have increased complexity, regulatory burden, and in some instances the ability to serve rural or underserved markets.  

A complete copy of the interview can be viewed here.



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Basel

World Council Calls for Pandexit Flexibility from Basel Committee

The World Council of Credit Unions called for flexibility from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision as the Committt considers the withdrawal of relief measures adopted during the COVID-19 pandemic. “It is important to allow national level regulators a great amount of flexibility to adjust to local conditions and economies when removing COVID-19 relief measures for credit unions.  Otherwise unnecessary shocks to their balance sheets could hinder their ability to serve communities trying to recover from the pandemic,” said WOCCU Sr. VP of Advocacy and General Counsel, Andrew Price.

In particular WOCCU urged the following actions by the Basel Committee that will benefit credit unions and set the framework for a measured and orderly withdrawal of relief measures:

  1. Provide clear direction to national-level supervisors that a measured and orderly withdrawal is appropriate, without establishing any firm timelines or deadlines.
  2. Allow national-level supervisors with ample discretion to adjust the withdrawal of relief based on local conditions and localized circumstances.
  3. Provide direction to national-level supervisors urging patience and leniency erring on the side of leaving a relief measure in place versus the risk of harm that may result from an early withdrawal of a relief measure.
  4. Allow supervisors to work with financial institutions on reasonable capital restoration plans that are appropriate for each institution while holding them harmless from any regulatory violation so long as the plan is being executed in good faith and absent any safety and soundness concern.

Additionally, World Council, in conjunction with FEDEAC, has issued “Financial Strategy to Mitigate the Impact of the COVID-19 Crisis COVID-19 Global Response Committee Technical Paper”[1]; which provides additional insight into the specific areas of concern for credit unions during the COVID-19 recovery period. This is a beneficial tool that credit unions utilize that is comprised of recommendations for strategic methods to manage the impact of the social and economic crisis generated by the COVID-19 pandemic

A full copy of World Council's letter can be viewed here.

 

[1] See, https://www.woccu.org/newsroom/covid19_resources?post_id=2156#2156.

 

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Basel

Basel Committee and World Bank Publish Survey on Proportionality

On July 30, 2021, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and the World Bank published a global survey of 90 authorities including bank supervisors and regulators entitled, Proportionality in bank regulation and supervision - a joint global survey. Although the Basel Committee acknowledges that proportionality encourages many benefits such as banking stability, reduction of compliance costs and regulatory burden, and utilization of “scarce supervisory resources”,  the Committee recognizes challenges related to the approach and implementation of proportionality such as “how to define the tiering criteria, how to maintain a level playing field and how to avoid opportunities for regulatory arbitrage” and “how to ensure financial positions are still comparable across banks and how to achieve net reduction in compliance costs and stress on supervisory resources and constraints.”

The Basel Committee touts that proportionality is ingrained in their work, specifically in the Committee’s Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (BCPs). World Council fully supports the Basel Committee and World Bank’s commitment to improving proportionality approaches, however, the related concerns and concepts within proportionality should apply widely to all relevant financial institutions such as credit unions and not just to banks. “We applaud the Basel Committee’s focus on understanding proportionality. However, we note the absence of responses that indicate a connection between proportionality and financial inclusion and providing access to responsible financial products. This should also be a significant driver for implementing proportionality by all supervisory authorities beyond the focus on supervisory resources”, says World Council Sr. Vice President of Advocacy, Andrew Price. 

“The key takeaways from the analysis of survey responses are:

  • Proportionate implementation is practised widely, across geographic regions and income groups. The use of proportionality is growing, as judged by respondents reporting future plans for proportionality. This is a work-in-progress but is also challenging for several jurisdictions.
  • Importantly, proportionality is acknowledged by respondents as promoting banking stability, reducing unnecessary regulatory burden and compliance costs, and making effective use of scarce supervisory resources. Consistent with this, a significant proportion of respondents (67%) are planning to implement or revise their proportionate approaches. Respondents have also expressed a clear preference for implementing a limited set of Committee standards.
  • However, challenges remain for jurisdictions that have adopted or are considering adopting proportionality. These challenges are during the design of proportionate approach (eg how to define the tiering criteria, how to maintain a level playing field and how to avoid opportunities for regulatory arbitrage) and after proportionality is implemented (eg how to ensure financial positions are still comparable across banks and how to achieve net reduction in compliance costs and stress on supervisory resources and constraints).
  • Implementation is motivated by factors other than risk profile or systemic relevance in some cases. For example, full or conservative set are implemented by jurisdictions seeking to obtain or retain correspondent banking relationships, meet the expectation of host jurisdiction supervisors or of rating agencies, regional pressure and peer pressure.”

More information on the survey can be found here.

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Basel

European Commission Presents AML/CFT Overhaul

On July 20, 2021, the European Commission presented a legislative proposal package to enhance anti-money laundering and countering terrorism financing rules, and create a new EU AML Authority (AMLA) to combat money laundering. The Commission’s goal is to make improvements to the existing EU framework by bettering methods to detect suspicious transactions and activities and address loopholes that criminals use to launder illicit proceeds or finance terrorist activities. The package includes four legislative proposals:

More information on the Commission’s package of legislative proposals is available here.

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European Commission

Climate-Related Financial Risk Letter from FSB Chair to G20

In anticipation of a July 9th meeting, a letter from Financial Stability Board (FSB) Chair, Randal K. Quarles to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, was published highlighting remaining risks to financial stability associated with non-bank financial intermediation and money market funds, climate change, and transition away from LIBOR as prominent issues. Notably, the FSB Chair underlined the need for coordinated efforts to address financial risks related to climate change and requested endorsement from the G20 of a roadmap tasked with undertaking climate-related financial risks. “The roadmap outlines the work underway and still to be done by standard-setting bodies and other international organizations over a multi-year period in four key policy areas: disclosures, data, vulnerabilities analysis, and regulatory and supervisory approaches.”

On July 7, 2021, the FSB published three climate-related reports:

More information is available on the FSB Chair’s letter to the G20 and Central Bank Governors here.

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Financial Stability Board

Basel Releases Report on Impact of Basel Reforms in Light of Pandemic

On July 7, 2021, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision released its interim report,  Early lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic on the Basel reforms, as part of “the Committee's broader work programme to evaluate its post-global financial crisis reforms”.  The report supports the argument that regulatory reforms in response to the financial crisis have “absorbed the shock” brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. The report essentially touts the success of the Basel III reforms maintaining that without them and other support measures by public authorities, the banking system would have suffered from greater stress.

  • “New report gives a preliminary assessment of the impact of implemented Basel reforms during the pandemic as part of a broader evaluation of their effectiveness.
  • Higher quality capital and liquidity levels required by the reforms helped banks absorb the significant impact of Covid-19 shock.
  • The banking system would have faced greater stress during this period had the reforms not been adopted and implemented.”

More information on the Basel Committee’s report is available here.

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Basel

Financial Stability Board Emphasizes Urgency to Transition from LIBOR

Today the Financial Stability Board (FSB) published a progress report to the G20 on LIBOR transition and remaining issues, highlighting the FSB’s priority to transition away from LIBOR, and underscoring that a majority of LIBOR settings will cease in less than half a year. “The FSB encourages authorities to set globally consistent expectations and milestones that firms will rapidly cease the new use of LIBOR, regardless of where those trades are booked or in which currency they are denominated. Market participants are urged to cease new use of LIBOR in all currencies as soon as practicable, respecting national working group timelines and supervisory guidance where applicable, and in any case no later than the end of 2021.”

FSB further urged market participants to complete steps laid out in the Global Transition Roadmap, and for supervisory authorities to increase efforts to communicate the scope and urgency of LIBOR transitions to all clients. The FSB has committed themselves to helping with the transition of those emerging markets and developing economies that are lagging behind.

More information on the FSB’s report to the G20 and general efforts to transition away from LIBOR are available here.  

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Financial Stability Board

Bank for International Settlements Releases Annual Economic Report

On June 29, 2021, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) released its  Annual Economic Report at the Annual General Meeting. The report includes several topics including:

  • Pandexit: how “recovery will be uneven and the long-term consequences material”.
  • Challenges as a result of COVID-19 pandemic including but not limited to: upside and downside risks; diverging economic conditions and tensions between fiscal and monetary policy; lack of policy support in emerging market economies (EMEs).
  • The distributional footprint of monetary policy: how to combat economic inequity, which BIS argues are “outside the reach of monetary policy, and is best addressed by fiscal and structural policies.”
  • Central bank digital currencies (CBDCs): an opportunity for the monetary system.

More information on the BIS’ Annual Economic Report is available here.

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Bank of International Settlements

FATF Releases Report on Opportunities and Challenges of New Technologies for AML/CFT

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) released a report entitled, Opportunities and Challenges of New Technologies for AML/CFT, identifying emerging and available technology-based solutions. The purpose of the report, “highlights the necessary conditions, policies and practices that need to be in place to successfully use these technologies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of AML/CFT”, as well as roadblocks to implementation of new technology including “innovative skills, methods, and processes that are used to achieve goals relating to the effective implementation of AMLCFT requirements or innovative ways to use established technology-based processes to comply with AML/CFT obligation.” World Council applauds FATF’s incorporation of financial inclusion into the report, and their acknowledgment that financial inclusion can mitigate AML/CFT risks.

“FATF has reiterated its commitment to the proportionate risk-based adoption of its Standards with a view to protecting the most vulnerable and supporting the reach of AML/CFT safeguards. Its publication of FATF Guidance on AML/CFT measures and financial inclusion, with a supplement on customer due diligence sought to raise awareness of the issue as well as “encourage countries to make use of the FATF Recommendations’ flexibility to provide sound financial services to the financially excluded. (Vyjayanti T Desai et al., 2018[7])”

World Council has previously commented on the unintended risks associated with FATF standards such as the effects of overburdensome regulation and its impact on financial inclusion. World Council will continue to advocate for proportional regulation that will foster financial inclusion by providing right-sized regulation for credit unions, which are essential to the financial inclusion of underserved communities.

More information on the Opportunities and Challenges of New Technologies for AML/CFT is available here.

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FATF

Bank of Italy Governor Speaks on Financial Inclusion in Closing Address to 2021 IIF G20 Conference

On June 17, 2021, Ignazio Visco, the Governor of the Bank of Italy gave a keynote address to the 2021 IIF G20 Conference- The G20 Agenda Under the Italian Presidency. In his address, Mr. Visco covered topics regarding COVID-19 and the global economy, financial regulation, and financial inclusion and international digital cooperation.

Visco highlighted that the concerns that existed before the pandemic are more pronounced today, such as the increased use of digitalization. He noted that in coordination with major international organizations, the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors updated their Action Plan to continue to continue the effectiveness of economic policy responses and conceded the“…need to closely monitor the increasingly divergent recovery paths – which may well entail an asynchronous unwinding of monetary and fiscal support measures – and take international policy spillovers into account.”

The Governor also emphasized the need to address vulnerabilities in the non-bank financial intermediation (NBFI) sector, especially in the areas of Money Market Funds. Visco also discussed financial regulation concerns surrounding mitigation of climate-related financial risks. “The G20 Finance Track aims to encourage a better alignment of both public and private financial commitments with the objectives of the 2015 Paris Agreement.”

Most notably, Visco addressed how digitalization has a direct impact on financial inclusion. He warned that while digitalization may build access, it could also “lead to new forms of exclusion” including indebtedness. “The outcome will depend, crucially, on the development and accessibility of digital infrastructures, the degree of financial and digital literacy, and the adequacy of governance, especially in the fields of regulation and supervision.” Some of the solutions Visco prescribed include: fostering more innovative regulatory and supervisory approaches; development of cross-border payments to make them cheaper, faster, more transparent and inclusive; and coordination with the Financial Stability Boards’ recommendations to address challenges related to global stablecoins for regulation, supervision, and payment-system oversight.

Governor Ignazio Visco’s full speech is available here.

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Bank of International Settlements, G20

Basel Committee Meets to Discuss Covid-19 Impact on Banks

On June 4, 2021, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision met to cover the following issues related to the effect of Covid-19 on the current banking system:

  • Discussion on “Covid-19 risks to banking system, reviews provisioning practices and stresses importance of using capital and liquidity buffers.
  • Review of interim report evaluating impact of Basel framework during Covid-19.”
  • Agreement “to hold public consultation on prudential treatment of cryptoasset exposures.”

While the world is beginning to re-open, the Committee cautioned that banks and supervisors should still remain watchful for Covid-19 risks and vulnerabilities by using, among other things, “Basel III capital and liquidity buffers to absorb shocks and maintain lending to creditworthy households and businesses”, and strengthening operational resilience. The committee also evaluated post-crisis reforms by reviewing an interim report, which gave a preliminary assessment of the impact that Basel III standards had during the pandemic. Cryptoassets market developments were also covered during the meeting, as well as “next steps in developing its prudential treatment for banks' cryptoasset exposures.”

More information on the June 4th Basel Committee meeting is available here.

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Basel

Bank for International Settlements Releases Executive Summary on Cyber Resilience Practices

The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) published their Cyber resilience practices – Executive Summary, with the aim of strengthening cyber resilience within financial firms. Citing the Financial Stability Board’s (FSB) definition, cyber resilience consists of "the ability of an organisation to continue to carry out its mission by anticipating and adapting to cyber threats and other relevant changes in the environment and by withstanding, containing and rapidly recovering from cyber incidents."  

The Executive Summary covers the following topics:

  • Regulation and supervision
  • Cyber incident response and recovery
  • Third party discrepancies
  • Information-sharing arrangements
  • Cyber resilience metrics

Additional information on the Executive Summary is available here.

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Bank of International Settlements

Financial Stability Board Supports End of LIBOR by End of 2021

LIBOR is coming to an end. While many USD settings will continue until the end of 2023, the majority of LIBOR panel of global banks will cease by the end of 2021. In March, the ICE Benchmark Administration (IBA) and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) made confirmation of the dates that all LIBOR settings will discontinue. In response, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) has published several reports and publications supporting a “smooth transition” away from LIBOR by the end of 2021.

The FSB made recommendations for financial, non-financial sector firms, and authorities to consider by publishing the following statements and reports:

  • “An updated global transition roadmap that, drawing on national working group recommendations, summarises the high-level steps firms will need to take now and over the course of 2021 to complete their transition.
  • A paper reviewing overnight risk-free rates and term rates, building on the concept that the tools necessary to complete the transition are currently available. The FSB cautions market participants against waiting for the development of additional tools, in particular forward-looking term risk-free rates.
  • A statement on the use of the ISDA spread adjustments in cash products, to support transition particularly in loan markets, which remains an area of concern with much new lending still linked to LIBOR.
  • statement encouraging authorities to set globally consistent expectations that regulated entities should cease the new use of LIBOR in line with the relevant timelines for that currency, regardless of where those trades are booked.”

Additional information on the FSBs recommendations for LIBOR transition is available here.

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Financial Stability Board

Financial Stability Board Requests Response to Public Consultation on Cross-Border Payments

On May 31, 2021, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) announced they were seeking response to their public consultation, Targets for Addressing the Four Challenges of Cross-Border Payments. The global targets proposed are intended to improve cost, speed, transparency and access to cross-border payments via the FSB’s Roadmap for Enhancing Cross-border Payments. “The quantitative targets proposed are a foundational step in the G20 Roadmap for Enhancing Cross-border Payments, which was endorsed by G20 Leaders in November 2020."

The FSB expects individual targets to be met by end of 2027, however, remittance cost targets are set for 2030 by the United Nations Sustainable Development Group Goal (UN SDG), which is endorsed by the G20.

The FSB anticipates that a final report consisting of final targets will be completed by October of this year. By this date the FSB states they will have developed an “implementation approach for monitoring the targets that will set out:

  1. how targets will be measured and data sources and data gaps to be filled;
  2. how progress towards meeting the targets will be monitored; and
  3. the frequency of data collection and publication.”

More information on the FSB public consultation on cross-border payments can be found here and here.

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Financial Stability Board

Network for Greening the Financial System Works to Meet 2015 Paris Agreement Goals

In an effort to meet goals for the 2015 Paris Agreement, The Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS) released a summary of their May 2020, Guide for Supervisors – Integrating climate-related and environmental risks into prudential supervision. The Climate and environmental risks - guide for supervisors - Executive Summary, summarizes the five key recommendations to “provide authorities with a roadmap to integrate climate-related and environmental risks in supervisory frameworks”.

The recommendations include:

Image via: Bank for International Settlements website: https://www.bis.org/fsi/fsisummaries/climate_env_risks.htm


A detailed summary of each recommendation is available here.

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Bank of International Settlements

Financial Stability Institute Issues Paper on Supervising Cryptoassets

The Financial Stability Institute issued its insights on supervising cryptoassets for anti-money laundering.  The paper noted that although certain cryptoassets have the potential to make payments and transfers more efficient, some of their features may heighten money laundering/terrorist financing (ML/TF) risks. In particular, the speed of transactions, global reach, potential for anonymous activity and the potential for transactions to take place without financial intermediaries make cryptoassets vulnerable to misuse. In fact, the scale of illicit use of cryptoassets is already significant, highlighting the importance of AML/CFT regulation and supervision, as well as law enforcement, in this area.

The paper discusses emerging regulatory approaches and supervisory practices and identifies policy priorities to address common challenges faced by regulatory authorities.  It also notes the efforts of hte Financial Action Task Force in this area to prevent the misuse of cryptoassts for ML/TF.

A copy of the paper can be viewed here.

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Basel

Financial Conduct Authority Develops Consumer Duty to Increase Level of Consumer Protection

The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) is currently establishing plans for a new Consumer Duty to bolster their existing rules and principles in order to enhance consumer protection in retail financial markets. In the FCA’s 2020 Financial Lives survey, 1 in 4 respondents said they “lack confidence in the financial services industry and only 35% of respondents agreed that firms are honest and transparent in their dealings with them.” The Consumer Duty will be a requirement for firms to adhere to and is subject to regulatory enforcement for non-compliance. Its three key elements include:

  1. “The Consumer Principle, which will reflect the overall standards of behaviour the FCA expects from firms. The wording being consulted on is: 'a firm must act in the best interests of retail clients' or 'a firm must act to deliver good outcomes for retail clients'.
  2. Cross-cutting rules which would require 3 key behaviours from firms, which include taking all reasonable steps to avoid foreseeable harm to customers, taking all reasonable steps to enable customers to pursue their financial objectives and to act in good faith.
  3. It will also be underpinned by a suite of rules and guidance that set more detailed expectations for firm conduct in relation to 4 specific outcomes – communications, products and services, customer service and price and value.”

More information on the FCA’s Consumer Duty is available here.

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Financial Conduct Authority